reduce example

Given we have a set of strings mapped to some certain integer values:

Map<String, Integer> map = new HashMap<>();
map.put("A", 1);
map.put("B", 5);
map.put("C", 10);

When we receive an inputString consisting of strings from the map, then we return a sum of integers corresponding to each string in the map:

                        (partialSum, element) -> partialSum + dictionary.get(element),

As we can see from the example, if we use reduce, the solution can be very compact:

  1. inputString.split("") transforms intupString into an array of strings.
  2. creates a stream out of the array of strings.
  3. reduce calculates a sum of the integers corresponding to each string element from the stream:
  • 0 is the identity value, that is the value we start our calculations from.
  • (partialSum, element) -> partialSum + dictionary.get(element) is the accumulator function.
  • Integer::sum is the combiner function.

Java documentation: reduce